Thursday, November 3, 2011

Introducing Adaptive Parking

Introducing Adaptive Parking
[UPDATE: For a more detailed explanation of Adaptive Parking, here is a short conference paper I presented in late 2013 (PDF).]

I ended a recent talk in Delhi with a few words on 'Adaptive Parking'. Now I want to start explaining it in more detail. I also want your feedback so please leave a comment.

So what is Adaptive Parking?

I suggest the name 'Adaptive Parking' for various parking policy reforms that focus on increasing the market responsiveness of our parking systems.

Parking policy in a city that embraces Adaptive Parking would have a clear focus on this goal of making parking more market responsive or adaptive.

But market-responsiveness does not have to be the ONLY goal. You could still use parking policy as a tool for worthy objectives like traffic restraint or helping local retail businesses. But with Adaptive Parking, you would make sure to pursue such goals in ways that also preserve market responsiveness in the parking system.

Parking arrangements in suburban centres are usually far from adaptive. Supply is heavily regulated to produce oversupply, so that the price is zero, killing most market processes in parking. Most parking is private (customer or employees only) so even occasional localised demand in excess of supply will cause a spillover problem and prompt pleas for even more supply. 

Guiding Principles for Adaptive Parking reform
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Monday, October 31, 2011

Around the block: parking policy links

Reinventing Parking has been too quiet lately. Sorry!

Here is a quick 'links' post to help me get going with blogging again. By the way, most of these links are drawn from my Twitter feed (where I tweet about parking as well as some wider urban transport themes). I haven't been in the habit of re-posting them here. But I think I should.

Macau is proposing to vary its parking fees by area and time - making it costlier to park in peak hours and in the busiest areas. It looks like they are thinking of this in terms of traffic restraint rather than making parking occupancy the focus of pricing decisions.

at Parking Today blog picked up on my coining of the term "Adaptive Parking" in my last post here. Encouraging. Thanks John!

A Westfield shopping centre in Brisbane just started charging for parking (the first three hrs are free) in order to deter 'free-riders' using it as a park-and-ride lot. Seems reasonable to me, but local reactions seem to range from shock to horror.

Streets Blog has a series of posts on parking reforms brewing in New York City. There are some promising signs and some rather worrying ones.

Park-and-ride Metro-North parking lots in the Connecticut suburbs of New York City have multi-year waits for passes and some screwed up pricing policies. Felix Salmon had some brief and pertinent comments (but a misleading headline). 
The small New Zealand city of Rotorua plans to vary its parking prices in space (but not yet in time).

This one could be big if India's states decide to follow through on it. A review of India's vehicle registration system has recommended requiring car owners to prove they have access to parking before being allowed to register the vehicle. One part of India recently started doing so and Japan has for decades.
Social engineering that promotes automobile dependence: an example of how parking minimums erode inner urban vitality.

Parking reform in California that would have prevented local governments from having excessively high parking minimums near transit stops (among other reforms) has been killed by lobbying.

Creative parking policy reforms in Montgomery County, Maryland. Nelson/Nygaard helped the county navigate a minefield to achieve pro-urban parking policy settings in its urban districts. But abolishing parking minimums was a step too far.

The unfairness of Delhi's extremely low parking prices: The Hindu.

UK's coalition government has announced parking policy changes. Not good. Thoughtful commentary here and here.

Fascinating first hand insights on how residential parking works in urban Japan.
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Tuesday, October 11, 2011

Promising Parking Policies Worldwide: Lessons for India?

I have mentioned before that India's cities have dire parking problems and much heated debate over what to do about them.

I have strong views on the subject, informed in part by my study of parking policy in Asian cities. So I was happy to be invited to a 17 August conference in Delhi entitled 'International Conference on Parking Reforms for a Liveable City. It was organised by the environmental NGO, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), which is prominent in India's parking policy debates. It was a fascinating day, shared with parking folks from all over India and a few from other parts of the world. It was good to catch up with some old friends.

My presentation is embedded below.  If you can't see it, here is a link to the pdf.

My key point was to ask where in the world India's cities might find useful and relevant models for parking policy. Unfortunately, Indian cities now seem to be following the least appropriate model, the USA's and Australia's suburban parking policy approach.

My talk also includes the first public airing of an approach to parking policy reform that I am calling Adaptive Parking. It brings together many of the ideas that I have been raising in this blog.

The Adaptive Parking reform agenda is based on Donald Shoup's approach but tries to extend it.  It aims to make Shoup's market-oriented parking reform agenda general enough to be relevant to places very different from North America. It also offers guidance on how to move in that direction with baby steps even if your city is not ready to take on the whole package of Shoupista reforms.

I will be saying more about Adaptive Parking in the coming months. In the meantime, feedback on this presentation would be very welcome!


Other presentations at the conference included the following, all of which can be downloaded from the conference page:
  • Parking policy: Getting the principles right
     By Anumita Roy Chowdhury
  • Europe’s Parking U-Turn
     By Michael Kodransky
  • Parking Pricing as TDM Tool
     By Dr. Errampalli Madhu
  • Parking Reforms for a Liveable City
     By Sanjiv N. Sahai
  • Parking Demand Management Study for Central Delhi
     By Piyush Kansal
  • Parking Reforms for a Liveable City
     By Abhijit Lokre
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